Varicose veins: symptoms in women, pictures, treatment

From venous stagnation and unpleasant consequences almost 20% of the population. A big part of women.

Vascular pathology is known for thousands of years. Even ancient Egyptian texts contain mention of the insidious disease. Pathology develops with improper blood flow in the peripheral vessels.

varicose veins in women

Medical aspects of the disease:

  • in the congenital weakness of venous walls under the influence of harmful factors of the valves to eject blood, cease to function normally;
  • the flow of blood is disrupted, clots, clots of blood, increased venous pressure;
  • excess blood does not have time to go through gaps that narrowed, accumulate, dilate the blood vessels;
  • the outer wall close to the surface of the epidermis, because of this they are well visible under the skin;
  • the more clots and the affected areas, the more obstacles to the normal blood flow;
  • veins "roll", lose their normal appearance. In the later stages the vessels similar to blue or dark purple thick rope.

Most often the veins swell on his feet due to high load on them and the least mobility in "sitting" or "standing" job. Varicose veins affects people of different social status.

The mechanism of development

Venous wall differs from the arterial. It is much easier stretched.

The internal cavity is equipped with valves which alternately connect with each other and help the blood return up the limbs. But this version of the rules.

Symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in women begin to show themselves when the walls become weak. In this case, the lumen of the vessels increases and folds of the valve are no longer close.

The blood, instead of to rise, to flow down. It was under their pressure, the expansion of the lumen, and the progression of the disease.

Causes

In women, the list of reasons for the occurrence of this disease is somewhat broader than in men. This is related to frequent hormonal changes of the female body because of its physiology.

Signs of leg varicose veins in women can be due to:

  • genetic predisposition to develop vascular disease;
  • pregnancy;
  • hormonal changes in the body;
  • physical inactivity;
  • excessive loads on the lower extremities (exercise, walking in high heels, professional activity, associated with a prolonged stay in the position "standing" or "sitting");
  • the presence of chronic foci of infection in the body;
  • diabetes and other metabolic problems.
  • overweight.

After numerous studies, scientists have found the factors causing the swelling of the veins, poor circulation, the appearance of pain, heaviness, weakness in the legs.

Primary reasons:

causes of varicose veins
  • pregnancy;
  • overweight;
  • heredity. My parents had weak wrists? The likelihood of developing the same disease in children reaches 70%;
  • congenital weakness of connective tissue;
  • elastic bands of socks or stockings.

Other factors causing venous stasis:

  • prolonged work at the computer.
  • the lack of movement;
  • habit to sit with my leg on the foot;
  • the need to spend a long time "on his feet";
  • hormonal disruptions. The greatest danger to women during pregnancy, after menopause;
  • high heels. The constant walking in high heels exerts a lot of stress on the veins;
  • frequent lifting, carrying heavy loads;
  • improper diet, excess heavy, fatty foods, lack of vegetables.

Varicose veins of small pelvis, female varicocele, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a pathology that develops when varicose veins in the pelvis.

There are people who at a young age became acquainted with all the "charms" of this disease. While others live to a ripe old age, and not knowing what it means varices.

Why is this happening? In fact, for the development of the disease do not need much. The important role played by innate characteristics of the individual.

Added to these are the conditions created for life, and start the disease process. Let us highlight the main reasons:

  • Genetic predisposition. That is, the child receives from their parents is not a disease, and the structure of blood vessels, which is conducive to its development.
  • Belonging to the female sex.

Characteristic symptoms and types

The disease most often affects the lower limbs, as they daily have a big load.

For varicose veins can be characterized by certain symptoms. Among them:

  • heaviness in the lower extremities (especially in the evenings);
  • spider veins (telangiectasia) on the skin;
  • areas of pigmentation in the affected area;
  • burning and mild swelling in calf area;
  • the feeling of ants crawling;
  • the increase in veins;
  • candling winding bluish veins through the skin;
  • swelling of legs and feet;
  • eczema and dermatitis on the background of thinning of the skin;
  • involuntary spasms of the calf muscles;
  • prolonged healing of wounds and bruises.

It should be noted that the symptoms are greatly enhanced after exercise!

Stage

The stage of the disease determines the treatment regimen. Only there are four degrees of the disease:

  • First. Appear only minor cosmetic defects. The woman keeps working in full.
  • Second. Blood flow is disrupted in one or more of the venous ducts. Such a patient may have reduced performance, to maintain appropriate therapy.
  • Third. Venous outflow is significantly disrupted in the superficial and perforating veins. The woman does ordinary work for 7 hours with constant maintenance therapy.
  • Fourth. Pronounced venous reflux, deep venous extension. The ability to work suffers even if you use the treatment.
symptoms of varicose veins

The typical symptoms of varicose veins in women

According to doctors, if you start treatment of the disease is still in the early stages of its development, it is possible to get rid of the disease, and even folk remedies. Not to miss the initial signs, you should know what are the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in women you should pay attention.

Signs of varicose veins of legs in women and treatment – information that should be known to each of the fairer sex, because only this will help to prevent the development of disease. To turn to doctors immediately after noticed these symptoms:

  1. heaviness in lower extremities;
  2. pain, burning sensation and heat in the region of the veins;
  3. swelling, most often appearing in the evenings after the working day;
  4. during sleep may have convulsions;
  5. the skin of the shins may acquire an unnatural hue;
  6. blood vessels are considerably enlarged in diameter;
  7. there is a blue "star" that quickly.

Only a few signals from the body enough to go to the hospital and undergo the necessary research. Only after an accurate diagnosis will be assigned a primary treatment, in the early stages it is possible to cope with medicines, which act topically on the affected areas.

The additional load on the lower part of the body and changes in the body during pregnancy can lead to the development of varicose veins. Try to get rid of the disease is strictly prohibited, because folk remedies may be ineffective, and medicines are not allowed all the ladies in the state.

What to do for the woman during pregnancy and how to get rid of the disease without harm to the fetus? The surest and the only way to stop the disease is to go to the doctor.

Treatment

Therapy varicose veins do narrow specialists. The treatment is carried out in several ways:

  • medicines;
  • compression stockings;
  • physiotherapy;
  • folk medicine;
  • physiotherapy;
  • surgery.

Medicines

They must be applied regularly two or three times a day on clean skin.

Traditional medicine has a large number of tools that help to improve the condition of the veins and relieve the disease.

Ginseng

This plant has a tonic effect, helps in the treatment of vascular diseases. It is actively used for preparation of ointments and gels. Internal use is also possible (in the form of alcohol tinctures).

Recipe tincture: dried ginseng(200 g) pour vodka (500 ml) and remove two weeks in a dark, cool place.

Ready infusion should be consumed one teaspoon before meals (three times a day).

varicose veins Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe

This medicinal plants are prepared a tincture for the treatment of varicose veins (for outdoor use).

Recipe: cut fresh leaves need to be put in a glass bowl (up to half) and pour vodka until full. To remove in a dark place for two weeks.

The duration of treatment is 2-4 weeks.

Nettle

From nettle are preparing a decoction for internal use.

Recipe: 200 g of nettle leaves pour a liter of water and put on low heat for 30 minutes. After insisting his drink a quarter Cup a day.

This is a simple and budget tool can be found in each house. It has been used to treat varicose veins. For this soda (one teaspoon) should be diluted with a small amount of warm water (one third Cup). The resulting solution is used to wipe the sores. To wash it is not necessary.

Also with baking soda you can make compresses. Recommended soaking time is 40 minutes.

Another good way – soda baths. They should be taken with a large area of destruction. To prepare this bath you need in a separate container, dissolve in hot water, four tablespoons of baking soda, and the resulting composition pour into a bath filled. On the course you must perform 10 treatments with a frequency of 2 times a week.

Garlic

It is used in the treatment of compresses. To do this, the head of garlic crushed through a press, mix with butter in a ratio of 1:2. These packs are put in for the night protruding veins and wrapped a warm scarf. The daily execution of procedures, the relief comes very quickly.

Radiofrequency ablation and endo venous laser photocoagulation

Phlebology is the field of medicine that studies the diagnosis, causes and treatment of venous pathology. Highlighted a number of diseases of the venous system, followed by certain symptoms. However, there is severe pathology, diagnosis of which is a complex process.

This type includes varicose veins of the vagina in women. The disease, in many situations, not "gives" itself the onset of symptoms. There are several varieties of the disease veins of the pelvis in women: varicose veins of the uterus, cervix, vagina. If you look at the varicose veins in the photo looks daunting, in reality it is.

Prevention of varicose veins

To prevent disease is much easier, than then to be treated. So, do not neglect recommendations of experts in its prevention. Here are the main ones:

  • avoid heavy physical exertion;
  • give up bad habits (alcohol, cigarettes);
  • to control weight;
  • to establish a proper diet;
  • to abandon shoes on high heels;
  • to include in the daily routine moderate physical activity;
  • to use douches;
  • regularly visit the gynecologist and to hand over analyses on hormones.

Varicose veins refers to the chronic diseases, therefore it is impossible to get rid of it completely. But to prevent complications and slow the progression of it is possible. As in women, the disease is more severe, it has at the minimum changes you should seek help from a specialist.

prevention of varicose veins

Doctors ' recommendations:

  • for a long time do not sit or stand on during the work day;
  • periodically sit down or, on the contrary, get up and move around;
  • follow the diet;
  • control the weight;
  • do not wear high heels constantly;
  • rarely lift weights;
  • strengthen the elasticity of blood vessels moderate exercise, water procedures;
  • take vitamin supplements;
  • when tired legs each evening do toning baths with nutrients;
  • clean the blood with the help of natural compounds.

At the first sign of varicose veins to consult a doctor. On time treatment is started, your persistence, the help of doctor qualifications will help to avoid complications. Take care of your veins!

24.07.2019