Treatment of varicose veins

According to research conducted by the staff of the clinic of General surgery, almost half the population of our planet suffers from varicose veins. This problem bothers both men and women. However, increasingly it appears the fairer sex. Treatment of varicose veins should begin as early as possible to prevent the occurrence of such serious complications as trophic ulcers. Previously, to cope with the problem was only possible with complete surgical interventions. Now, however, began the era of minimally invasive methods, which enable to quickly restore the health of the patient.

varicose veins on the legs

Diagnostics: what disease?

Varicose veins is a serious disease of the blood vessels. It can be either acquired or inherited. Before starting treatment, you must find out the reasons for its occurrence and the extent. For this the patients diagnosis. What stage of the disease the patient will help determine the initial examination of the patient. It begins with a survey of the patient. The doctor clarifies:

  • Do the patient's relatives who are sick varicose veins?
  • The working conditions of the patient.
  • What diseases they were moved?
  • Whether surgery?
  • In women, number of pregnancies and births.
  • Is there a chronic disease?

Then the doctor examines veins, assessing their location, color, density, and tension. Palpation helps detect blood clots. To confirm the diagnosis the doctor will prescribe the patient the following procedures:

  • General analysis of blood;
  • duplex dopplerography;
  • spiral computed tomography;
  • color duplex scanning;
  • ultrasonic angiography.

The research results will help to identify the most effective patient treatments for varicose veins. When choosing a doctor evaluates what stage is the development of the disease and General condition of the patient.

stage of varicose veins

The stage of the disease

The international scientific community had developed a common classification of diseases of the veins, called CEAP. According to it there are six stages of development of varicose veins:

  • Stage 0. One feels the first symptoms (swelling, pain and heaviness in the limbs), but visual extension can not be detected.
  • Stage 1. The symptoms are worse and appear on the skin vascular "stars".
  • Stage 2. Veins grow and begin to bulge.
  • Stage 3. The symptoms described above are complemented by strong edema, worse in the evening.
  • Stage 4. Inflammation of the skin. It acquires abnormal color (dark brown).
  • Stage 5. Appears sores that sometimes heal.
  • Stage 6. The last stage of the disease is characterized by sanitatem ulcers.

When poor-quality care for their body to move from the first stage to the last can in the least meek time. In the last stages of the disease surgical intervention often can not be avoided.

How to treat varicose veins?

Currently, the disease can be used as conservative therapy and surgical methods. It should be noted that medications will not help to completely get rid of the problem. They are designed to relieve symptoms and improve the General condition of the patient. Only a doctor can accurately determine how to treat varicose veins and what treatment methods should be given preference.

Conservative treatment intended for the prevention of the development of the disease. Completely remove the varicose veins can only operation. Today used as traditional interventions and minimally invasive techniques:

  • Stripping. The affected vein is removed through a thin probe.
  • Microphleb. The vein is removed through small incisions in the skin.
  • Phlebectomy. Full operation, which allows you to remove the entire vein, which when minime psidium intervention cannot be performed.
  • Laser coagulation. Newest method which "welds" the affected vessels. In the future, the veins resolve.
treatment of varicose veins

The last method is considered most effective, as the chance of complications from it the lowest. Treatment of varicose veins is carried out primarily by the laser. During the procedure only one small puncture, which enter the light guide. It emits laser radiation that affects the affected vessel. The surgery is performed under local anesthesia and takes about an hour.

What kind of doctor treats varicose veins?

The disease can quickly progress, therefore, must as soon as possible to seek help from a specialist. Many people who see the signs of this disease are interested in, what kind of doctor treats varicose veins. For all medical issues with veins that appeal to phlebologist. This physician specialization, which deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of varicose veins.

Visit your doctor regularly, even in the absence of visible signs of disease. Especially seriously need to treat their health people who are at risk:

  • people who are overweight;
  • persons whose work involves prolonged standing on his feet (e.g., sellers);
  • women during pregnancy;
  • people leading a sedentary lifestyle.

Phlebologist can identify the disease in its earliest stages of development. The doctor will suggest effective preventive treatments and medications that will help to improve the condition of the veins.

Prevention

Like many other diseases, varicose veins easier to prevent than to get rid of it. By following some simple rules, you can avoid such problem. Like treatment, prevention of varicose veins developing a phlebologist. Assessing the individual characteristics of the patient, he appoints special massages, exercise and medications that strengthen blood vessels.

The following tips will help to prevent the development of the disease. People who are prone to varicose veins, you must:

prevention of varicose veins
  • Wear comfortable shoes.
  • Nature no longer walk barefoot.
  • Do not abuse salty, spicy and smoked food.
  • To limit the consumption of alcohol and nicotine.

The most effective method of prevention of varicose veins is considered a sport. Regular moderate exercise will allow you to avoid this disease. If you have a sedentary job, be sure to periodically Wake up, perform some simple exercises. The habit to throw the legs causes disruptions in the normal circulation, therefore it is recommended to avoid this situation.

23.02.2019