Modern methods of getting rid of varicose veins

Each generation of physicians tried to apply new methods of treatment. Some doctors prefer surgery, some medication. In recent time experts often use new therapies that are more effective and efficient than traditional. Such methods of struggle with the disease include:

  1. Sclerotherapy.
  2. The laser treatment.
  3. Radiofrequency ablation of the veins of the lower extremity.
  4. Microphleb.

The procedure of sclerotherapy

To get rid of varicose veins in various ways. And one of them is the method of compression phlebosclerosing.

This method has worked well for a long time. It is based on the use of drugs, which when ingested in the vein of "glued" it from the inside due to the interaction of the tool components with the vascular wall. As a result, Vienna off from blood flow as it completely stops the movement of blood. Used in sclerotherapy drugs have a high efficacy and a low degree of toxicity.

Modern artes

The sclerotherapy procedure takes 30 to 40 minutes. In the varicose vein doctor does several injections of sclerosing substances. The number of procedures is determined individually. In some cases it takes more than 3 procedures, at the same time interval between them must be at least a week.

Immediately after sclerotherapy, it is recommended to walk about 30 minutes. The leg is placed in an elastic bandage, which is removed not earlier than 7 days after the procedure. For carrying out hygienic measures the bandage can be removed gently wash the leg under the shower, then Pat it dry with a towel, apply nourishing cream and again for bandaged with an elastic bandage. Before coming to the next session of sclerotherapy bandage must be removed in 1.5 hours.

Considering that some time after the procedure requires the wearing of bandages, there are some nuances during the rehabilitation period. First, at this time, we should find opportunities for spacious clothes and shoes to make the foot comfortable. Secondly, South Africa: justo preferably carried out in cold season, because the wearing of elastic bandages in the heat can be uncomfortable.

There are medical limitations that must be considered during this period. In particular, within 2 months after the sclerotherapy should abandon the sauna, steam baths, and hot baths.

Complications of this procedure occur infrequently. Among them are the formation of age spots at the site of injection, which disappear without additional treatment. Also you may notice the appearance of spider veins, meaning that it is necessary to conduct re-treatment.

Finally, it is worth noting contraindications to this procedure. It cannot be done if the clot is phlebitis, and the presence of bleeding disorders.

The course is conducted sclerotherapy often provides a positive result, which may persist for a long years. Indications for this procedure is determined by the doctor after examination and detailed examination.

Treatment of varicose veins with laser

Through the use of laser technology in the treatment of varicose veins can be not only fast, efficient, and painless.

In sclerotherapy accipit ad ratio 30 40 minutes

Advantages:

  1. first of all, it is worth noting little the invasiveness of this method of treatment. Under the laser impact is not performing any cuts, which means that does not remain scars.
  2. Secondly, the person does not feel pain, and the procedure is well tolerated by patients, in many cases, a local anesthesia. Also worth noting is its brevity, for laser exposure of just a few minutes.
  3. Immediately after the procedure leaves no bruises, so we can talk about the good cosmetic effect.
  4. Finally, the recovery after laser treatment takes little time.

The principle of operation

Used to treat laser generates light with particular wavelength. Blood cells (specifically, hemoglobin is present in red blood cells) absorbs this light spectrum, much depends on the degree of saturation with oxygen. With the passage of light waves through the venous blood (oxygen-poor) is the release of heat, causing the vessels as would be soldered from the inside. That leads to the cessation of blood flow through the damaged vein, and blood flow to the surrounding tissue continues due to the presence of collateralis vessels and the deeper veins.

How is

The procedure consists in carrying out laser coagulation of veins to be executed under control of the ultrasonic observation. This will help to accurately determine the need for treatment of veins, and also to choose a suitable type of laser treatment.

Before carrying out such treatment of varicose veins do not need to perform special training. First, local anesthesia, and then below the knee, the doctor performs a small puncture. Through it is injected into a vein laser miniature light guide. As you move the light guide in Vienna takes its coagulation. At the tip of the laser fiber has a scattering of miniature lens, through which the vein wall are treated uniformly.

Usually, this procedure takes not more than 30 minutes. And almost immediately after its implementation, the person may return to his normal life.

Contraindications

Be performed laser photocoagulation may not in all cases. There are a number of contraindications to this procedure, they can be divided into General and local.

General:

  • the presence of concomitant diseases in acute phase; thrombophilia (when there is a tendency to form blood clots);
  • chronic disturbances in blood supply to the legs.

Local:

  • if in the zone of direct laser exposure has on the skin inflammation;
  • saphenous vein is dilated.

To determine the indications and contraindications to this procedure will help the doctor after the inspection and preliminary survey.

Radiofrequency ablation of the veins of the lower limb

One of the most effective modern fighting techniques is radiofrequency ablation. Its essence is to use radio waves. They are a kind of "glue" the pathology changed and dilated veins of the legs.

Radio frequency ablatio venas

This technique is relatively "young." It recently began using to treat people who suffer from varicose veins. Most often it is used in varicose veins the upper part of the limb.

With a professional application of ablation patients experienced a significant improvement in the condition of the veins and significantly reduces the risk of aggravation of the disease.

Designed this way 10 years ago. Today, in many countries it has become the primary method of treatment for varicose veins. Ablation are the most widely used in USA and Western Europe. In the CIS this method is actively used not more than three years only in large clinics. This is due to the fact that for the ablation need not cheap diagnostic and operating equipment designed specifically to conduct radiofrequency ablation. The problem lies in the fact that the procedure will be able to hold every physician and trained specialist.

Most researchers argue that the radiofrequency ablation of veins is one of the most effective ways of dealing with varicose. This opinion is expressed by patients themselves. In addition, this procedure allowed almost all people suffering from disease.

In addition to the above advantages, the procedure has a number of positive aspects:

  1. Conducting ablation does not require hospitalization.
  2. Is performed under local anesthesia.
  3. The process is virtually painless and the demon blood.
  4. Ablation is suitable for people of any age.
  5. It can be done at any time.
  6. The postoperative period does not cause the patient discomfort and does not distract it from the usual life.
  7. The effect is noticeable almost immediately.

Like any other medical procedure, radiofrequency ablation has a number of contraindications:

  1. Not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.
  2. Do not use for atherosclerosis of the legs.
  3. It is not desirable ablation in acute venous thrombosis.
  4. Doctors do not advise to carry out the procedure in inflammatory or infectious skin diseases of the feet.
  5. Cannot be used in the event of severe obesity.

Microphleb is a new step in the treatment of varicose veins

Equally effective way of dealing with varicose veins is microphleb (mini phlebectomy). This is a surgery in which doctors remove the diseased varicose vein. To do this, specialists make a small puncture in the skin of the limb. This operation relates to a number of minimally invasive procedures.

To conduct miniphlebectomy doctors use a special hook. It is administered under the skin of the feet. This makes a very small incision. It is more like a kind of puncture. And through it enter the hook, which damaged the varicose vein is pulled out. Further, the experts cross it, but a healthy part of the vein was ligated and return back. The same scheme is carried out the removal of all damaged veins.

Experts note that this method of removal can lead to the appearance of hematomas at the place where was located the varicose vein.

But within two weeks they start to disappear. To speed up this process, use a special ointment. After the rehabilitation of the puncture site is almost imperceptible. Can leave very small scars that are difficult to see with the naked eye.

The main advantage of mini phlebectomy is high efficiency. Also, the operation has a low level of injuries. After the procedure the patient has no limitations, so he can lead habitual way of life (this is contraindicated in severe stress).

After this procedure is followed by rehabilitation. On the patient's limb wearing the special rehabilitation knit. The term of his socks depends on the level of disease and the number of operated veins. All of this is decided by the doctor after careful diagnosis.

28.05.2018