Varicose veins in pregnancy: a serious problem or a side effect?

Varicose vein disease is an irreversible process, which affects the venous vessels, which is the outflow of blood from the lower extremities to the heart. Occurs pathological change in their shape (elongation, extension), thinning of the vessel walls, the formation of venous nodules.

In advanced cases, the impaired function of the venous system leads to complications associated with formation of blood clots in the blood vessels, bleeding disorders.

Blood clots in turn, may cause life-threat situations for the patient with the risk of death.

Causes of varicose veins during pregnancy

More than half of women suffering from the symptoms of varicose veins, first received this diagnosis in the period of carrying a child. There are several reasons:

Varices in graviditate
  • unfavorable heredity, namely: a genetic disorder of the connective tissue, including the component of the venous wall, venous valves weakness;
  • synthesis of hormones "pregnancy", affecting the muscle tone of the smooth muscles of internal organs, including relaxing the tone of venous walls;
  • the increasing blood volume during pregnancy, which increases pressure in the venous line and causes stretching of its walls;
  • rapid weight gain a mother for a short period of time, which creates unusual excessive load on the lower body, especially the legs and, consequently, on the veins;
  • the deterioration of the outflow of blood from the lower body due to the compression of the femoral, inferior Vena cava and iliac veins by the growing uterus;
  • physiological increase in blood clotting in pregnant women, to reduce blood loss during childbirth, which creates prerequisites for the formation of blood clots, etc.
  • limit physical activity of a woman during pregnancy, by choice or necessity, on the recommendation of a doctor or because of "sedentary" work that affects the blood flow.
Even if the medical history of the expectant mother has no genetic prerequisites for venous insufficiency during pregnancy is caused by many factors favorable to the development of acquired forms of venous disease.

Symptoms

The severity of symptoms of pathological dilatation depends on the degree of the disease.

At first, the symptoms of the disease does not cause much discomfort to the patient, however, with the passage of time, manifestation of lesions veins become more vivid and painful.

Where most often there is varicose veins

The violation of the outflow of blood through the venous channels of the grid is almost always primarily affects the lower extremities, causing changes in venous pattern on the legs.

During pregnancy to varicose disease of the legs often attached to the defeat of the veins of the pelvic organs, the labia, inner genitals, etc.

Varicose vein disease of lower extremities

Changes in a woman's body, the waiting period of the child, in the aggregate, adversely affect the condition of the entire venous system.

Varices of the pelvis parva

Due to the anatomical features of its structure, the system of venous channels in the legs respond to the most urgent restructuring. Especially if before pregnancy was the place to be signs of venous insufficiency.

Most often, the first time varicose veins in the legs is manifested in the second trimester of pregnancy, as during this period the load on the system of deep and superficial veins increases dramatically and, consequently, there is an increase of pressure on the venous wall.

While varicose disease of the lower extremities can progress with the development of pregnancy, taking dangerous forms of pathology of the veins.

Varicose veins in the legs usually precedes venous pathology of the pelvic organs, the labia, which are also subject to a special burden during pregnancy. This relationship facilitates diagnosis of the disease and relevant complaints of the patient, allows to choose the direction for additional studies: ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound, duplex scanning, etc.

Varicose veins of small pelvis

Varicose veins of small pelvis may be difficult to differentiate with gynecological inflammatory diseases and certain other pathologies with similar symptoms, namely, pain in the abdomen, profuse discharge from the vagina, discomfort during intimacy with a partner and after it, difficulty urinating, etc.

The fact that the symptoms of pathology of the veins of the pelvic organs, for example, the deformation of the venous pattern of the ovaries, varicose veins of the uterus, the vagina can only be seen in gynecological examination at the doctor's, or when using hardware diagnostic methods.

Therefore, the disease can be hidden for a long time and eventually make complicated shapes.

Progressive pathological changes in the venous system of the pelvis lead to the development of such consequences, such as uterine bleeding, inflammation of internal organs, thrombosis, etc.

Varicose veins labia

Varicose veins in the groin or labia in pregnant women are not uncommon. Moreover, with each subsequent pregnancy the risk of varicose veins increases.

Most often, after childbirth veins visually come to normal in a short time. If, however, symptoms were observed once in the period of gestation, then, next time, its manifestations, as a rule, greatly progressing.

External signs of varicose veins on labia manifest in the form of a typical venous pattern in the affected area veins.

Over time, varicose veins are ugly protrusion, hang, join itching, dryness, swelling of the labia, painful sensations, a sense of "bloat".

Especially pronounced varicose veins of the perineum discomfort during urination, bowel movements, after sex, after long periods of continuous sitting, when walking.

What to do when varicose veins or the main directions in the treatment of

In the period of carrying a child radical methods of treatment of varicose veins are extremely undesirable, they are used only for vital indications. Therefore, to deal with varicose veins during this period choose measures designed to alleviate the symptoms of the disease, to improve blood flow and stop the progression of varicose veins, so to speak, "to live to birth."

Lifestyle varicose veins

The condition of the veins and blood flow considerable influenced by the lifestyle of the expectant mother. Therefore, for varicose veins the patient will necessarily recommendations on the organization of her daily activities and diet:

  • adherence to adequate physical activity: swimming, walking in a comfortable pace, execution of therapeutic exercises;
  • wearing lingerie, pantyhose and stockings from compression hosiery;
  • mandatory selection in a routine time for daily rest in the lying position; your feet should preferably be placed above a headboard;
  • the refusal to accept of baths, steam baths, saunas, etc.;
  • limit fried, fatty, salty foods, smoked meats, etc. that cause fluid retention in the body;
  • strict control of conformity of weight gain rules in pregnancy.
  • Traditional medicines

    In the initial stages of varicose veins during pregnancy is a significant aid in the fight against manifestations of the disease may render the use of anti-varicose products based on nature's gifts of

    • compress on the basis of hop cones
    • 1 large spoonful of raw brew 1 Cup of boiling water, about to float in a water bath for 20 minutes 3 tbsp of broth and 500 ml. sour milk mix, applied to fabric or gauze of the workpiece, apply to the affected area, wrap paper, fix in 20 minutes.

    • compress based on the flowers or leaves of horse chestnut.
    • To prepare the above-described manner, impose on the night.

      Medication
    • the bath with the addition of decoctions and infusions of hop cones and horse chestnut;
    • oil ointments on the basis of the fruits of horse chestnut, calendula flowers, chamomile, etc.

    Medication

    If varicose veins in the future mother purchased the running stage of changing the principles of functioning and application of herbal remedies may not be enough.

    Then there is the need for the treatment of varicose veins allowed during pregnancy pharmaceuticals – venom tonics (tonics flebo).

    Childbirth varicose veins

    The choice of tactics of delivery with varicose veins depends on the location of the affected venous areas, stage of disease, severity of symptoms and the condition of women on admission to the hospital.

    Expectant mothers with severe varicose veins in the groin hospitalization at the hospital in the last weeks of pregnancy because of the increased likelihood of premature rupture of membranes and onset of labour.

    Upon admission to the maternity ward a woman with the diagnosis "varicose veins" should be in compression underwear. With varicose veins of the lower extremities is necessary to use specific stockings or the imposition of elastic bandages on the legs.

    Prevention

    Because varicose veins are reasonably considered primarily a female disease, and simple preventive measure that is recommended to all potential mothers, will significantly reduce the risk of developing this disease during pregnancy:

    • Strive for physical activity, as a way of salvation from varicose veins.
    • Any regular physical activity at the whole body in a comfortable pace and improves blood circulation. Expectant mothers are shown slowly walking, swimming at any time, gymnastics for pregnant women.

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    • To choose comfortable shoes.
    • Shoes with high heels (above 5 cm) legs feel not physiological load, circulation occurs. Therefore, in working time, it is advisable to wear comfortable shoes that provide little arch.

    • Avoid prolonged standing-seat.
    • Prolonged static periods in a sitting position or standing leads to poor blood circulation especially in the legs and pelvic, swelling. Therefore, when "sedentary" work, long trips in transport, travel, should be to improve blood circulation to make every 45 min. warm-up-five minutes.

    • Wear clothes according to size.
    • When choosing an outfit, even in the early stages of pregnancy, should avoid tight, tight outfits and underwear running into the skin gums etc.

    • To control the gain of body weight.
    • Excess weight puts an unnecessary burden on all organs, including increases pressure on the veins. Therefore, mothers to be, especially with a predisposition to varicose veins, it is necessary to limit the increase of body weight in the normal range, as is pregnancy and period of gestation.

    • At the first signals of violations of venous blood flow ("heavy" legs edema of the lower extremities, the appearance of vascular "star", etc.) she should visit a phlebologist for guidance on the use of medicines, folk remedies.
    Execution of doctor's prescriptions will help stop the progression of the disease.

    Pronounced varicose veins significantly reduces the quality of life, and during pregnancy can cause complications and the emergence of a critically dangerous situation for the life of the mother and child.

    12.05.2018